The second seminar included Smart Urban Planning- Innovative approaches to city planning, Designing the smart city, Challenges in executing smart aspects in existing cities in India, Urban regeneration.
Mr. Rahul Dalal and Mr. Mahesh W from Studio POD advocated that ‘Cities should be planned keeping people first’. They cited examples of Medellin, Columbia and Rio Di Janerio, Brazil. These studies reflect that finding local solutions was more important that following international definitions of Smart cities. They spoke about the 6 mantras while designing Smart Cities:
1. Respond contextually – contextual development of cities.
2. Connect Efficiently – street categorisation keeping a people first approach.
3. Develop equally - creation of democratic spaces for people
4. Build intelligently – efficient energy and resource management
5. Invest strategically - creation of value adding infrastructure
6. Collaborate actively – creation of a public interaction platform.
The Studio POD has applied these mantras in their Gurgaon project. Smart city planning tools are technology and people. They exhorted the audience to look inside instead of copying Shanghai.
He opined that economic development andenergy efficiency could be considered as the most apt definition for smart cities. GIS is a tool used to depict geographical information in a geometric manner. A centralised data base for policing, planning and monitoring the citycan be obtained through GIS. An example for using GIS is creating an effective public transportation network. The origin-destination analysis, the transport network analysis, location identification tools can help in creating a Transit Oriented Development, which will in turn instigate economic development.
Swapnil Patil feels that Informationtechnology is the last piece in the jigsaw puzzle of smart city planning. Giving an example of the Abu Dhabi masterplanning, he said setting economic and social baseline targets is important. The designers Urban Planners should work hand in hand with the implementers Municipal Corporation. The key themes used for the Abu Dhabi urban planning were:
1. Environment- creation of Urban Growth Boundaries - UGB to curtail growth.
2. Land use- proper definition of land use.
3. Transportation- from road hierarchy creation to transit oriented development (TOD).
4. Open spaces- creation of a series of hierarchical parks and open spaces.
1. Transport network with BRT, stations with TOD at every intersection and LRT along river.
2. Mula Mutha – River front development
3. Sangamwadi Bombay Sappers- converted into a CBD
4. Pune Cantonment- converted to a Smart Town
5. Khadki Cantonment- converted into an Administrative District
6. Pune University- made into a World class walkable University
7. Pune Agriculture college- developed as a Urban Agriculture Hub
8. Kharadi- developed as a TOD
9. Green Streets program